Cappadocia, a region in Turkey, is famous for its distinctive “rock formations fairy chimneys,” and the finest breed of horses. Cappadocia has many touristic sites like Bronze Age homes carved into valley walls, a 100m-deep Ihlara valley with many churches, underground cities, Göreme’s Open Air Museum. Many caves houses are now hotels in the region, and I stayed in one of them. It was one of the fantastic experience of my life. The highest point of the Göreme city is craggy Üçhisar Castle, it’s offer a panoramic view of Cappadocia. So Update your tour list with Cappadocia travel (2020) Turkey. Below down I have given all the details what to visit while you are in Cappadocia. Let’s scroll down.
What to visit?
- Pigeon valley
- Open air Museum
- Underground city tour
- Ihlara valley tour
- Salem Sarai tour
Pigeon Valley earned its name from the countless man-made Pigeon Houses that have been carved into the soft volcanic tuff. Since ancient times Pigeons have been used in the Cappadocia region for food and fertiliser for the infertile soil.
While pigeons are no longer play such an important role in the area, their rocky homes have still been maintained by locals and can be found atop rock pillars and inside excavated cave houses and churches throughout the region.
Pigeon Valley is one of the best spots for walking in the marvellous Cappadocia region, Central Anatolia. The valley is located between Goreme and Uchisar, where you can visit Uchisar Castle for a magnificent view, an easy hiking trail connects the two via the valley passing through rock-hewn Christian churches and abandoned cave homes. Adventures may also choose to explore Pigeon Valley on horseback or with a jeep safari.
Open air Museum
Goreme, Open-air Museum was an important Christian centre in the early years of the middle ages. It was a bishopric in the 11th and 13th Centuries. Despite the vast number of monasteries, churches and chapels in the vicinity of Goreme there are not many inscriptions bearing dates.
For this reason these religious buildings are mainly dated according to the iconography or architectural features. The building complex called now open-air museum. One can take tour on the horseback, jeep safari, hiking or with quad bikes.
Under ground city
For the underground city tour I took a minibus with a guide with the help of my hotel. The journey is worth the expense as streamlines all places to see in a day. It s very well organised. It starts early morning and ends at dusk. We were a group of 15 tourists and an amiable guide. Turkey tour guide can’t be complete with touring in underground city. There are many such underground cities, but the bigger ones like –Kamakli are open to tourists. There is an entry fee to get in. The big underground cities could accommodate 20K people. There are 100s of such towns in the region.
These cities were built as a refuge for Christians to save their lives from pagans’s attacks. Later it was used by the Turkish Muslims to hide from the Ottomans. The caves have kitchens; churches; rooms to sleep in etc. There are shafts for light. The one thing missing is a bathroom or toilet! How did 20000 people manage to stay underground for long periods without a shower! That’s a mystery. The underground caves are a must-visit.
Ihlara Valley a township located in the Aksaray Province of Turkey. Ihlara Valley has a 16-kilometre gorge cut from the volcanic rock after eruptions of Mount Erciyes. The Ihlara Valley’s gorge is the unique home to rock-carved churches and underground dwellings.
With nearly 100 in total, they line both sides of the gorge. The location of these churches and houses, hidden in the rocks, with their easy access to water, made them one of the first places for Christians to seek refuge from the Roman Empire. Local people have some small shops in Ihlara and serve chilled beer. You can enjoy tour with beer. Don’t forget to mention it in the list of Cappadocia travel 2020.
Cappadocia travel (2020): Salem sarai
Selime Monastery is to date back to the 8th or 9th century BC. The upper section mildly resembles a fortress with well-preserved walls and trenches as well as steep rock staircases and hidden passageways. In the 10th/11th century, the Monastery was converted to a Caravanserai, a refuge for travellers and tradesmen who journeyed along the silk road.
The system was introduced by the Seljuk Turks to promote trade on this ancient road until faster sea routes were discovered. Selime Monastery has remained abandoned since the 16th century. Update you list of Cappadocia travel 2020 with it.
Cappadocia travel (2020): Food & Activities
I will highly recommend Chinese restaurants and Turkish restaurants. Skip the Indian restaurant, though. The food is overrated and long queues. In the evening. Eat pottery kebabs (avoid the vegetarian version). Don’t forget to taste hot masala wine, you will not find it anywhere else in the world.
There is a lot more to do in Cappadocia like horse riding; hot air balloon ride; quad biking, hiking, rock climbing etc.
Cappadocia travel (2020): How to reach?
In Cappadocia, the nearest airport is Nevsehir and Keysari. All Turkish airline flights operate from Keysari. Pls, check your airport. Also, the hotel can arrange for airport transfers via shared coach/minibus, which is cheap in comparison to a taxi. Both airports are far from stay (30-50kms away). Turkey has it’s own yellow colour taxi s which can be called through the hotel or you can take one from the road as there is no uber kind of online app to book these taxis. Taxis are readily available everywhere. Do check the meter and also sometimes the taxi driver may want to fleece you by asking for some special fare for crossing a bridge or something.