Hello folks, I am back with Moscow complete travel guide Russia, and here I am going to tell you what to do what to visit when you are in Moscow for the first time. So first let me tell you a little bit about Moscow.
Moscow is the capital city of Russia and situates on the bank of Moskva River in western Russia. In its historic core, the Kremlin is a complex that’s home to the president and tsarist treasures in the Armoury. Outside its walls is Red Square, Russia’s symbolic centre. It’s home to Lenin’s Mausoleum, the State Historical Museum’s comprehensive collection and St. Basil’s Cathedral, known for its colourful, onion-shaped domes. The Garden Ring district has bars, nightclubs and museums like the Pushkin State Museum and the State Tretyakov Gallery. Bolshoi Theatre of Moscow is famous for ballet and opera, and Tretyakovsky Proyezd, a street lined with luxury shops. To the north, the Ostankino TV Tower offers panoramic views. Wintertime brings ice-skating to Gorky Park, plus the Russian Winter Festival, featuring music and dance.
What to visit?
- Red Square
- St. Basil’s Cathedral
- The Moscow Kremlin
- Bolshoi Theatre
- Lenin’s Mausoleum
- Gorky Park
- Arbat Street
- State Museum
- Izmailovo Kremlin
- Mogila Neizvestnogo Soldata
Red Square is a city square in Moscow, Russia. It separates the Kremlin, the former royal citadel and now the official residence of the President of Russia, from a historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-gorod. Red Square is the centre of Moscow since the city’s major streets, which connect to Russia’s major highways, originate in the square.
St. Basil’s Cathedral
The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed, commonly known as Saint Basil’s Cathedral, is a Christian church in Red Square in Moscow, Russia and is regarded as a cultural symbol of the country. The building, now a museum, is officially known as the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat or Pokrovsky Cathedral. It was built from 1555 to 1561 on orders from Ivan the Terrible and commemorates the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan.
It was the city’s tallest building until the completion of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower in 1600. The original building, known as Trinity Church and later Trinity Cathedral, contained eight churches arranged around a ninth, central church of Intercession; a tenth church was erected in 1588 over the grave of venerated local saint Vasily.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, the church, perceived as the earthly symbol of the Heavenly City, was popularly known as the “Jerusalem” and served as an allegory of the Jerusalem Temple in the annual Palm Sunday parade attended by the Patriarch of Moscow and the Tsar. The building is shaped like the flame of a bonfire rising into the sky, a design that has no parallel in Russian architecture..
The Moscow Kremlin
The Kremlin is a fortified complex in the centre of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River to the south, Saint Basil’s Cathedral and Red Square to the east, and the Alexander Garden to the west.
The Bolshoi Theatre is a historic theatre in Moscow, Russia, initially designed by architect Joseph Bové, which holds ballet and opera performances. Before the October Revolution, it was a part of the Imperial Theatres of the Russian Empire along with Maly Theatre in Moscow and a few theatres in Saint Petersburg. The Bolshoi Ballet and Bolshoi Opera are amongst the oldest and most renowned ballet and opera companies in the world. It is by far the world’s biggest ballet company, with more than 200 dancers.
The theatre is the parent company of The Bolshoi Ballet Academy, a world-famous leading school of ballet. It has a branch at the Bolshoi Theater School in Joinville, Brazil. The main building of the theatre, rebuilt and renovated several times during its history, is a landmark of Moscow and Russia. On October 28 2011, the Bolshoi re-opened after an extensive six-year renovation. The official cost of the renovation is 21 billion rubles. The renovation included restoring acoustics to the original quality, as well as restoring the unique Imperial decor of the Bolshoi. This should be on the top of your Moscow complete travel guide of 2020.
Lenin’s Mausoleum, also known as Lenin’s Tomb, situated in Red Square in the centre of Moscow, is a mausoleum that currently serves as the resting place of Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin. His preserved body has been on public display there since shortly after his death in 1924, with rare exceptions in wartime.
The State Historical Museum of Russia is a museum of Russian history wedged between Red Square and Manege Square in Moscow. Its exhibitions range from relics of prehistoric tribes that lived on the territory of present-day Russia, through priceless artworks acquired by members of the Romanov dynasty. The total number of objects in the museum’s collection comes to millions.
Alexey Shchusev’s diminutive but monumental granite structure incorporates some elements from ancient mausoleums, such as the Step Pyramid, the Tomb of Cyrus the Great and, to some degree, Temple of the Inscriptions.
Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure is a central park in Moscow. The park name is after Maxim Gorky. In August 2018, the Park’s has celebrated its 90th anniversary. One can enjoy many activities here.
There are many food stalls, and coffee shops are inside and out of the Gorkey park. One can sit by the riverside and can perfectly enjoy evening coffee. Don’t try to avoid this place from the list of Moscow complete travel guide of 2020.
Arbat Street mainly referred to in English as the Arbat, is a pedestrian street about one kilometre long in the historical centre of Moscow, Russia. The Arbat has existed since at least the 15th century, which makes it one of the oldest surviving streets of the Russian capital. It forms the heart of the Arbat District of Moscow. Initially, the road formed part of an important trade-route and was home to many craftsmen. In the 18th century, the Russian nobility came to regard the Arbat as the most prestigious living area in Moscow.
Almost entirely destroyed by the great fire of 1812 associated with Napoleon’s occupation of Moscow, the street required rebuilding. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, it became known as the place where petty nobility, artists, and academics lived. In the Soviet period, it housed many high-ranking government officials. As of 2016, the street and its surroundings are undergoing gentrification, Because of the many historic buildings, and due to the numerous artists who have lived and worked in the road, the Arbat has also become a famous tourist attraction. A must include a place in Moscow complete travel guide of 2020.
The Kremlin in Izmaylovo is a unique centre of culture and entertainment, based at the famous Izmaylovo VernissageIt. It is an imitation of Moscow based on sketches from the 14th-17th centuries. It is supposed to depict many elements of Old Russian architecture as it looked like in pre-Petrine times. The place also inspired by drawings of Russian Fairy tales.
This complex is used for civil weddings as it has a wedding palace, a restaurant and bars. However, it is also used as an amusement park/open-air museum for children on the theme of ‘Old Russia’. There is a reconstruction of a wooden Russian church that used to dot the Russian countryside before the Russian Revolution, but it is not used for weddings. There is also a big market that sells souvenirs, amongst other things. Don,t forget to put this place in your Moscow complete travel guide of 2020.
Mogila Neizvestnogo Soldata
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is a war memorial, dedicated to the Soviet soldiers killed during World War II. The day of celebration for the unknown soldier has been celebrated in Russia since December 3, 2014. After World War II, millions of Russian soldiers were reported missing or pronounced dead.
In 1997, a Guard of Honor of the Kremlin Regiment (which had guarded the Lenin Mausoleum) was restored at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier by the federal law of December 8, 1997, “On Immortalizing the Soviet People’s Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945”. A Changing of the Guard Ceremony takes place every hour.
Russia cuisine is vast in terms of verities you can enjoy many veg non-veg dishes like Khachapuri, Borscht, Pelmeni, Golubusty and many more. Don’t forget to drink homemade vodka; it’s so light and delightful.
How to reach?
Moscow has five commercial airports. The Domodedovo International Airport is the leading airport in terms of connectivity. But it is the Sheremetyevo International Airport that sees the foot count of almost 60% of the international tourists.
Nearest Airport: Domodedovo International Airport is located at a distance of 22 km and Sheremetyevo International Airport at a distance of 10 km from the Moscow Automobile Ring Road(MKAD).
Safety Suggestion: With continuous snowfall occurring during winter, there might be disruptions in the flight schedule. If you are travelling to Moscow during the winter (November to March), do make it a point to keep a regular check on the weather conditions out there.
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